The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament is a single-elimination tournament for men’s college basketball teams from America.
It decides the winner of Division I, the very best level of play at the NCAA, along with the press often describes the winner as the national winner of college basketball.  The NCAA Tournament was held yearly since 1939, and its field climbed from eight teams in the beginning to sixty-five teams by 2001; as of 2011, sixty-eight teams take part in the championship. Teams can gain invitations by winning a conference championship or getting an at-large bid from a 10-person committee. The semifinals of the tournament are called the Final Four and are held in a different city each year, alongside the championship match; Indianapolis, the city where the NCAA is based, will host the Final Four years before 2040. Each winning college receives a rectangular, gold-plated trophy made from wood.
The first NCAA Tournament was coordinated by the National Association of Basketball Coaches. Oregon won the inaugural tournament, beating Ohio State 46–33 in the first championship match. Ahead of the 1941 tournament, control of the occasion was provided to the NCAA. From the first years of the championship, it was considered less important compared to the National Invitation Tournament (NIT), a New York City-based event. ] Teams were able to compete in both events at precisely the same calendar year, and three of those that did thus –Utah in 1944, Kentucky in 1949, and City College of New York (CCNY) in 1950–won the NCAA Championship. The 1949–50 CCNY team won both championships (defeating Bradley in both finals), and is the only college basketball team to do this feat.  From the mid-1950s, the NCAA Championship became the prestigious of the two occasions, and in 1971 that the NCAA barred universities from playing in other tournaments, like the NIT, if they had been invited to the NCAA Tournament. The 2013 championship won by Louisville was the very first men’s basketball national name to ever be vacated by the NCAA following the school and its coach at the moment, Rick Pitino, were implicated in a 2015 sex scandal involving recruits.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) was the most prosperous college in the NCAA Tournament, winning 11 national titles. Ten of those championships came through a 12-year stretch from 1964 to 1975. UCLA also holds the record for the successive championships, winning seven in a row from 1967 to 1973. Kentucky has the second-most names, together with eight. North Carolina is third with six championships, while Duke and Indiana follow five each. Virginia is the latest champion, having defeated Texas Tech in the closing of this 2019 tournament. One of head trainers, John Wooden is the all-time pioneer with 10 championships; he also coached UCLA throughout their period of succeeding in the 1960s and 1970s. Duke’s Mike Krzyzewski is second one time with five names.
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